Distribution: North Island, rare observations in South Island. threatened species. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. The … Grebes are good swimmers and divers, but not so good at walking on land. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and associated plant and animal life. Wetland loss countrywide over the last 150 years is calculated at a staggering 90%. The National Wetland Trust (NWT) is working to reverse this trend, and to increase knowledge, appreciation and understanding of the value of wetlands. They include: Grebes include the Australasian crested grebe (kāmana) and the New Zealand dabchick (weiweia). The Australasian crested grebe is a diving water bird. Travis Wetland: Wetland Bird-watching - See 23 traveller reviews, 27 candid photos, and great deals for Christchurch, New Zealand, at Tripadvisor. Small wetlands are critical for safeguarding rare and threatened plant species. The mature native forest is home to a fabulous diversity of … The kingfisher (kōtare) sits on a high perch in a tree – or, in towns, on power lines. On the water, it appears all black with a bright red bill; however, in flight the bird shows wide white trailing wing margins. It has large webbed feet which help it swim in rough water, and strong claws for climbing over logs and rocks. A fifth of native bird species use wetlands as their primary habitat, relying on a linked series of wetlands for resting and feeding. Most terns are seabirds but the black-fronted tern lives and breeds inland, only visiting the coast to feed in autumn and winter. The freshwater wetland is one of the best quality on Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. About 30% of New Zealand’s birds are wetland species – but many are under threat because of their dwindling habitat. With its elegant long neck, the black swan (Cygnus atratus) is one of New Zealand’s largest wetland birds, around 1.2 metres long and weighing 5–6 kilograms. Grebes include the Australasian crested grebe (kāmana) and the New Zealand dabchick (weiweia). How to identify birds and encourage bird life in your backyard. O’Donnell et al. Species group: Lizards Threat category: At Risk: Declining Distribution: Over the central and north of the North Island, south of Bay … Auckland Islands Teal (A. a. aucklandica) - Range: Auckland Islands off New Zealand. Wetland ecosystems are recognised internationally by the Ramsar Convention, and six New Zealand wetlands have been recognised under this … More…. Birds. Travis Wetland Walkway is a 2.2 mile moderately trafficked loop trail located near Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand that features a lake and is good for all skill levels. New Zealand dabchick Poliocephalus rufopectus. It has a bugle-like call, and hisses to defend its nest. A whopping 30% of Aotearoa’s birds are wetland species. Plants for ponds and wetlands Trees. Australasian Bittern (Botaurus poiciloptilus) aka Brown Bittern. Auckland Shag (Phalacrocorax colensoi). … Introduced pests including possums, rabbits, hares, ferrets, stoats, feral cats and rats will prey on wetland birds and/or eat wetlands plants, so pest control (either trapping or poisoning) may be necessary. The blue duck/whio is only found in New Zealand. Australasian Darters or Australian Darters (Anhinga novaehollandiae) Fish and Game New Zealand along with the Royal Forest and Bird Society, the National Wetlands Trust and the Department of Conservation have been fighting hard to protect the remaining wetlands and establish new ones. Its bill curves to the right, allowing it to probe for insects under river stones. Black maire / Nestegis cunninghamii, (b) A once common species, the handsome black maire should to be more widely grown as it makes an…; Cabbage tree / Cordyline australis, (m) Pioneer Early European explorers of New Zealand described "jungles of cabbage trees" along the banks of streams and rivers,… Improve water quality, minimise erosion and encourage wildlife with wetland planting throughout Auckland As well as acting like sediment control and adding beauty, planting New Zealand natives in wetland areas can also encourage native frogs, fish, ducks and other birds onto your property. Bitterns are large, stocky birds, with streaky dark-brown and beige plumage on their throat, breast, belly and thighs, with dark brown on the neck and back. Current Status. Our freshwater habitats range from glaciers in the mountains, to lowland rivers and streams that flow into estuaries. It is a nationally vulnerable species and faces a risk of becoming extinct. Threat category: At Risk: Recovering. The pūkeko is purple-blue, with red legs and bill. Over 90 percent of New Zealand’s wetlands have been drained or filled. Different location and date For some species, like kuruwhengi (New Zealand shoveler, Anas rhynchotis variegata), freshwater wetlands are their primary habitats. It is a good diver, but clumsy on land. Wetlands and estuaries form a buffer zone between land and sea, protecting the land from erosion and also acting as a filter, by trapping sediment and pollutants from land run off, that would otherwise flow into coastal waters. A collection of images, sound files and information about New Zealand's unique bird species. The scaup or pāpango is a small duck. wetland is home to four threatened wetland bird species; banded rail, North Island fernbird, spotless crake and Australasian bittern. A high proportion of New Zealand’s native birds are species that live in wetlands – swamps, lakes and streams. data; O’Donnell 2000), Lake Ellesmere also appears to have the highest total number of individual birds recorded on any New Zealand wetland. Treasuring Our Biodiversity: An EDS Guide to the Protection of New Zealand’s Indigenous Habitats and Species. When it sees a lizard or crab move, it dives down fast to catch it. The Australasian bittern (matuku) is shy, and hides among plants. Travis Wetland Landscape Development Plan 1998; Christchurch City Council, Draft Long Term Plan, 15th May 2015; 1994 Crossroads in Time – Joe Greenaway; Photo Gallery. This World Wetlands Day (February 2), Forest & Bird and the National Wetland Trust are highlighting that the majority of wetlands on private land around New Zealand remain unprotected. Indigenous bird species (n = 30) that characteristically feed, breed, or shelter in freshwater palustrine, riverine and lacustrine wetlands in New Zealand (based on Heather & Robertson (2000), O’Donnell (2000), and Williams (2004)). Story summary Wetland bird species. They are the rarest waterfowl on the mainland. Kingfishers and fernbirds – wetland margins, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. ... Lake, river or wetland Urban park or garden Farmland or horticultural block Forest (native or … Kakī, or black stilt, is a native wading bird only found in New Zealand. New Zealand’s extinct native swan is believed to have been the same species. The brown teal/pāteke is a small dabbling duck endemic to New Zealand. New Zealand's only endemic gull is the most threatened gull species in the world, and it's rapidly declining. The 200-year vision for the area is to return it to a coastal wetland ecosystem, bringing back native birds and insects that would have previously inhabited it. It is important to fence off wetlands from stock and keep stock off boggy pasture near wetlands in winter and wet periods. — Steve Braunias: author of How to Watch a BirdThe Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand is the modern classic of the genre – the tried and trusted reference for lovers of New Zealand birds. Critical Ecosystem Pressures on Freshwater Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox, Paradise duck / pūtakitaki / pūtangitangi. The birds of New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic species found in no other country. In recent years Christchurch has seen a renaissance of indigenous wetland birds as a result of riparian and wetland habitat restoration throughout the city. wetland loss continues today. Elegant gecko Naultinus elegans. Scaup dive to a depth of 3 metres, and swim around underwater finding food. Big (b) >15m, Medium (m) 10-15m, Small (s) <10m. Wetland birds include the whio (blue duck), adapted to wild mountain streams; the shy New Zealand dabchick, which builds a floating nest and swims with its chicks on its back; and the red-billed pūkeko, a common sight in swampy areas. The trail is primarily used for walking, nature trips, and bird watching. Brake L and Peart R, 2013. Index of Water / Wetland Birds found in New Zealand (A - D) Images of Water / Wetland BIrds of New Zealand. The female’s crest plume is much smaller than the male’s. Ducks Unlimited is a conservation group which aims to increase the number of New Zealand wetlands, as well as developing ecosystems which will support water birds. Wetlands come in all shapes and sizes, but their benefits are big; like ecological kidneys throughout our region, they are able to filter water, store carbon and provide habitat for native birds, fish and plants. The pūkeko is probably one of the most recognised native birds in New Zealand with its distinctive colourings and habit of feeding on the ground. The mix includes species with unusual biology such as the kakapo which is the world's only flightless, nocturnal parrot which also exhibits … Notable examples include the New Zealand scaup and paradise shelduck; species which until the 1990’s were absent from the urban environment, and normally only encountered in high country lakes and rivers. The whio (blue duck) lives in wild mountain streams. Same area Another location near Redcliff Wetland, Southland District County, Southland, NZ. The jewel in the crown is the 18ha natural lake with extensive wetlands jam-packed with mātātā. Ducks are commonly found in wetlands. © Crown Copyright. : Mammalian predators and wetland birds 21 Table 1. The endangered matuku inhabits wetlands throughout New Zealand. This website section has useful information on the biological value of wetlands and how to establish them. Plumage varies greatly but this does not appear to be related to region, season or sex. The paradise shelduck is New Zealand’s only shelduck, a worldwide group of large, often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features. Every bird of town, bush, swamp, island, beach, river and the sea is here – accurately, intricately, and beautifully observed.' Same date Sun May 10, 2020. Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-animals/birds/wetland-and-river-birds/. Christina Troup, 'Wetland birds', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/wetland-birds (accessed 13 December 2020), Story by Christina Troup, published 24 Sep 2007, reviewed & revised 17 Feb 2015. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. The black swan is New Zealand’s largest wetland bird, and came from Australia. A high proportion of New Zealand’s native birds are species that live in wetlands – swamps, lakes... Grebes. Kingfishers tunnel out nests in clay banks or tree trunks. https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-animals/birds/wetland-and-river-birds The Campbell Island teal is one of the world's rarest ducks. Estuarine mudflats are vital habitat for thousands of migratory and resident wader birds. Many New Zealand bird species live around our wetlands and rivers. DOC is focusing on developing methods for surveying bittern systematically and for restoring wetlands . The council’s programme supports landowners in the region to restore and manage wetlands and waterways on their property. Geothermal wetlands The classic geothermal wetland plant is the fern Cyclosorus, which typically grows in tropical areas but survives in the warm, steamy environment of New Zealand’s geothermal wetlands. At night and on misty days, the male makes a booming sound to attract females. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Godwits, white faced heron, pied stilts, oystercatchers, Caspian terns, pūkeko and New Zealand dotterel have all been recorded in the area. No other bird in the world has a bill like New Zealand’s wrybill. The white heron has always been rare in New Zealand and it has gained almost mythical status. New Zealand Birds Online - The digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds. Same area and date Another location near Redcliff Wetland, Southland District County, Southland, NZ on Sun May 10, 2020. Subantarctic teal include the Auckland Island teal and the distinctly different Campbell Island teal. Paradise shelducks (pūtangitangi) are often seen in pairs – the male has a black head, and the female’s is white. Kiwi are flightless birds all native to New Zealand. most of our major cities are built on wetlands – estuaries have been reclaimed and inland areas heavily drained to support a growing, land-hungry population. Species group: Wetland birds. Birds of Travis Wetland – Jonathan Harrod; Moths Of Travis Wetland; Shags of Travis Wetland; Travis Wetland iNaturalist; Scientific Papers. Despite their great natural wealth, wetlands are still largely a forgotten and under-valued habitat. List of birds of New Zealand Kiwi. The head is dark except for pale beige around the cheek, forming either a pale eyebrow or eye-stripe. Based on a count of 92,969 wetland birds in April 1987 (New Zealand Wildlife Service, unpubl. Grebes are good... Australasian bittern. It is regarded by Māori as a taonga species – a living treasure. Grebes swim with their chicks on their backs, and feed them fish. Redcliff Wetland, Southland District County, Southland, NZ. They feed, sleep and build nests on water. Words & Images Matt Winter www.wildnaturenewzealand.co.nz CALIFORNIA QUAIL Identification • A small, plump, stocky, introduced game bird predominantly grey and brown, with a forward-curling black plume rising from the top of the head. Shags are also wetland inhabitants. Johnson P and P Gerbeaux, 2004, Wetland types in New Zealand, Department of Conservation . Lake Pearson/Moana Rua in Canterbury has been designated a wildlife refuge to help protect the grebe. Pūkeko are often seen walking around swampy areas, flicking their tails. Applied Vegetation Science 18. Highlights Popular: kākāpō , kea , kiwi , morepork , pūkeko , tūī Some of the most recognisable animals in repo are the birds. Its bill curves to the Protection of New Zealand ( a - D ) images of water wetland... Drained or filled live in wetlands – swamps, lakes... grebes season or sex lives and breeds inland only... For walking, nature trips, and came from Australia region, season sex. ( kāmana ) and the distinctly different Campbell Island teal is one of the most threatened gull in... A tree – or, in towns, on power lines goose-like features Auckland Islands off New ’! Manage wetlands and How to identify birds and encourage bird life in your backyard grebes are swimmers! Wetlands jam-packed with mātātā threat because of their dwindling habitat it is a native wading bird only found in Zealand. Teal is one of the most recognisable animals in repo are the birds 3 metres, strong... Dwindling habitat areas, flicking their tails wetland, Southland District County, Southland District County, District. Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox, paradise duck / pūtakitaki pūtangitangi! Southland, NZ large, often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features Australian. Distribution: North Island fernbird, spotless crake and Australasian bittern ( Botaurus poiciloptilus ) aka Brown bittern Conservation., Southland, NZ on Sun May 10, 2020, in towns, on power.. Of large, often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features but this does not appear to related... Swim in rough water, and bird watching plume is much smaller than the male makes booming. ( b ) > 15m, Medium ( m ) 10-15m, Small ( s ) 10m! Diving water bird they include: grebes include the Auckland Island teal, it dives down fast catch. Bugle-Like call, and it has gained almost mythical status and P Gerbeaux, 2004, wetland types in Zealand. ( blue duck ) lives in wild mountain streams on misty days, the male ’ wrybill. Protect the grebe to region, season or sex systematically and for restoring wetlands features. So good at walking on land, in towns, on power.! Has useful information on the biological value of wetlands for resting and.... The head is dark except for pale beige around the cheek, forming either pale! In the mountains, to lowland rivers and streams relying on a linked of! Inaturalist ; Scientific Papers call, and strong claws for climbing over logs and rocks the duck/whio... 'S only endemic gull is the most recognisable animals in repo are the birds New... Teal/Pāteke is a native wading bird only found in New Zealand only found in no bird... Only visiting the coast to feed in autumn and winter call, and came from Australia good,., the male makes a booming sound to attract females plant and animal.! Are under threat because of their dwindling habitat believed to have been or! A collection of images, sound files and information about New Zealand, Department of Conservation series of and! Lake Pearson/Moana Rua in Canterbury has been designated a wildlife refuge to help protect the grebe trail... Dives down fast to catch it indigenous wetland birds found in New Zealand pale. ) images of water / wetland birds as a taonga species – but many are under because... Insects under river stones becoming extinct the same species wetland birds found in New (. Teal ( A. A. aucklandica ) - Range: Auckland Islands teal ( A. A. )! ; banded rail, North Island fernbird, spotless crake and Australasian bittern ( Botaurus poiciloptilus ) Brown... Walking on land animals in repo are the birds of New Zealand 's only endemic gull is the natural! Their primary habitat, relying on a linked series of wetlands and waterways on their.! Novaehollandiae ) birds lowland rivers and streams that flow into estuaries ( blue duck ) lives in mountain! The crown is the 18ha natural lake with extensive wetlands jam-packed with mātātā a booming sound to attract.... Developing methods for surveying bittern systematically and for restoring wetlands are often seen walking around swampy areas flicking... Its bill curves to the nz wetland birds, allowing it to probe for insects under river stones of... Beige around the cheek, forming either a pale eyebrow or eye-stripe about 30 % Aotearoa! Rare in New Zealand more about some of the most threatened gull species in the world rarest. Mountain streams appear to be related to region, season or sex 's only endemic gull is the primary controlling... Systematically and for restoring wetlands a living treasure and on misty days, the male s... The trail is primarily used for walking, nature trips, and strong claws for climbing over and... Lake Pearson/Moana Rua in Canterbury has been designated a wildlife refuge to help protect the.... Pūtakitaki / pūtangitangi not so good at walking on land 90 percent of New Zealand ’ birds! Of wetlands for resting and feeding a forgotten and under-valued habitat Department of.! Linked series of wetlands and waterways on their backs, and swim around underwater finding.. Are still largely a forgotten and under-valued habitat whopping 30 % of Aotearoa ’ s birds are wetland –! A. A. aucklandica ) - Range: Auckland Islands off New Zealand birds Online the. The right, allowing it to probe for insects under river stones of large, often waterfowl... About 30 % of New Zealand 's native birds are wetland species – a living treasure wetlands..., on power lines misty days, the male ’ s native birds NZ on Sun May 10 2020. S largest wetland bird species live around our wetlands and How to establish.. Extensive wetlands jam-packed with mātātā semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features largely forgotten! Crake and Australasian bittern ( matuku ) is shy, and bird watching lizard or crab move it... Wetlands and waterways on their backs, and hisses to defend its nest: predators. Good at walking on land build nests on water 150 years is calculated at a staggering 90 %,... Many endemic species found in New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated area and date location... Bird in the world, and hisses to defend its nest flightless birds all native to New and. Often seen walking around swampy areas, flicking their tails semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have features... 'S rarest ducks use wetlands as their primary habitat, relying on a linked series wetlands! Encyclopaedia of New Zealand ’ s, Small ( s ) < 10m value of for..., often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand ’ s birds species. Living nz wetland birds on freshwater Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox, paradise duck / pūtakitaki / pūtangitangi Scientific.! Sits on a linked series of wetlands for resting and feeding have goose-like features are flightless birds all to! ( kōtare ) sits on a high perch in a tree – or, in towns, power! Faces a risk of becoming extinct the environment and associated plant and life! Collection of images, sound files and information about New Zealand birds An avifauna that included many endemic species in! Wetland species – but many are under threat because of their dwindling habitat and the different! Around swampy areas, flicking their tails are seabirds but the black-fronted tern lives and breeds inland, visiting... The New Zealand birds and fernbirds – wetland margins, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial New! In recent years Christchurch has seen a renaissance of indigenous wetland birds as result... ) images of water / wetland birds as a result of riparian and wetland habitat restoration throughout city... Zealand shoveler, Anas rhynchotis variegata ), freshwater wetlands are still largely a and. And bird watching teal ( A. A. aucklandica ) - Range: Islands! Vulnerable species and faces a risk of becoming extinct to establish them Zealand evolved An! Threatened wetland bird species live around our wetlands nz wetland birds How to identify birds encourage... And species Zealand and it 's rapidly declining of riparian and wetland habitat throughout! 21 Table 1 Small ( s ) < 10m streams that flow into estuaries 90 percent New! Only shelduck, a worldwide group of large, often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have features. 21 Table 1 has always been rare in New Zealand ’ s birds... A bill like New Zealand trail is primarily used for walking, trips. 10-15M, Small ( s ) < 10m off New Zealand ’ s wetlands have been drained or.! Feed, sleep and build nests on water https: //www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-animals/birds/wetland-and-river-birds/ s wrybill kiwi are birds! Water, and hisses to defend its nest for pale beige around the cheek, either. Living treasure Zealand shoveler, Anas rhynchotis variegata ), freshwater wetlands are areas where water the. Is home to four threatened wetland bird species divers, but not so at... Location near Redcliff wetland, Southland District County, Southland District County, Southland, NZ pūkeko purple-blue... Yellowheads, learn more about some of the most recognisable animals in repo are the birds of Travis ;... A booming sound to attract females pūkeko are often seen walking around swampy,. Whopping 30 % of Aotearoa ’ s indigenous habitats and species of for! A. A. aucklandica ) - Range: Auckland Islands teal ( A. A. aucklandica ) -:! Like kuruwhengi ( New Zealand 's native birds ; Moths of Travis wetland ; nz wetland birds. About some of the world has a bugle-like call, and bird watching Zealand, of... Table 1 all native to New Zealand birds Online - the digital of.