[14] Human trafficking is a significant problem; the 2012 U.S. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a West African country, the only one on the continent having Spanish as its official language. Equatorial Guinea at major events. The country subsequently experienced rapid economic development, but earnings from the country's oil wealth have not reached the population and the country ranks low on the UN human development index. Yet despite its impressive GNI figure, Equatorial Guinea is plagued by extreme poverty because its Gini coefficient of 65.0 is the highest in the entire world. Event: The Government of Equatorial Guinea officially confirmed an end to confinement measures in the main cities and announced the relaxation of many COVID-19-related restrictions beginning June 15, 2020. Its oil production has risen to 360,000 barrels per day (57,000 m3/d), up from 220,000 only two years earlier. Equatorial Guinea was Spanish Colony until October 12th, 1968 when it gained independence. Indigenous languages include Fang, Bube, Benga, Ndowe, Balengue, Bujeba, Bissio, Gumu, Igbo, Pichinglis, Fa d'Ambô and the nearly extinct Baseke. The vote on the constitution was taken though neither the text or its content was revealed to the public before the vote. Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. Río Muni region lies within the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion except for patches of Central African mangroves on the coast, especially in the Muni River estuary. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country in Central Africa. [116] The country also has no documented heritage listed in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO nor any intangible cultural heritage listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.[117][118]. [46] Apart from allegedly committing genocide against the ethnic minority Bubi people, Macias Nguema ordered the deaths of thousands of suspected opponents, closed down churches and presided over the economy's collapse as skilled citizens and foreigners fled the country. Regarding air … It was then required to meet a number of obligations to do so, including committing to working with civil society and companies on EITI implementation, appointing a senior individual to lead on EITI implementation, and publishing a fully costed Work Plan with measurable targets, a timetable for implementation and an assessment of capacity constraints. Due to epidemics Spain did not invest much in the colony, and in 1862 an outbreak of yellow fever killed many of the whites that had settled on the island. [36], A decision of 9 August 1963, approved by a referendum of 15 December 1963, gave the territory a measure of autonomy and the administrative promotion of a 'moderate' group, the Movimiento de Unión Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial [es] (MUNGE). [52][53][54][55] The city was renamed Ciudad de la Paz ("City of Peace") in 2017. [4] Portuguese was also adopted as an official language in 2010. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Ciudad de la Paz, the country's planned future capital. The majority of the people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin. The British settled some 2,000 Sierra Leoneans and freed slaves there during their rule, and a trickle of immigration from West Africa and the West Indies continued after the British left. The discovery of large oil reserves in 1996 and its subsequent exploitation contributed to a dramatic increase in government revenue. It is the first feature film openly critical of Obiang's regime. The current president, who took power in a military coup that deposed his uncle, has led a highly repressive authoritarian regime since 1979. [61] Nevertheless, the Amnesty International report released in June 2005[62] Latest news and breaking news from Equatorial Guinea: Ecuatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). [97][108] Additionally, the IILP secured land from the government for the construction of Portuguese language cultural centres in Bata and Malabo. Everyone wants to party hard for New Year's Eve 2020 - and there's loads of events in Equatorial Guinea. Some of the motivations for Equatorial Guinea's membership pursuit into the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) included access to several professional and academic exchange programmes and facilitated cross-border circulation of citizens. The TOEFL test is the most widely respected English-language test in the world, recognized by more than 9,000 colleges, universities and agencies in more than. Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnamese labourers in Equatorial Guinea must be brought home immediately, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc requested at working session with the national steering committee for COVID-19 prevention and control in Hanoi on July 10. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests ecoregion covers most of Bioko and the adjacent portions of Cameroon and Nigeria on the African mainland, and the Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion covers the highlands of Bioko and nearby Mount Cameroon. Las comunidades de la eda del hierro en África Centro-Occidental: cultura material e identidad, Tesi Doctoral, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid. [citation needed], In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain. Spanish is not spoken much in Annobón. The Angolan Annobon people were introduced by the Portuguese. 1990, Des derniers chasseurs aux premiers métallurgistes : sédentarisation et débuts de la métallurgie du fer (Cameroun, Gabon, Guinée-Equatoriale). [99], Fa d'Ambô, a Portuguese creole, has vigorous use in Annobón Province, in Malabo (the capital), and among some speakers in Equatorial Guinea's mainland. Equatorial Guinea vs. Libya - 15 November 2020 - Soccerway. [74] Interior minister Clemente Engonga refused to authorize the protest on the grounds that it could "destabilize" the country and CPDS decided to go forward, claiming constitutional right. Working their own small cocoa farms gave them a considerable degree of autonomy. [37] After nine sessions the conference was suspended due to deadlock between the 'unionists' and 'separatists' who wanted a separate Fernando Pó. [114] There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. "Fernando Po", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911. The 1982 constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives him extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet, making laws by decree, dissolving the Chamber of Representatives, negotiating and ratifying treaties and serving as commander in chief of the armed forces. However, and despite speaking under duress and with clear signs of torture, Nsolo said that they had planned a peaceful protest and had indeed obtained all the legal authorizations required to carry out the peaceful protest. The Equatorial Guinea Navy was on the scene within 35-40 minutes after the incident happened. [23] Without Spanish permission, the British moved the headquarters of the Mixed Commission for the Suppression of Slave Traffic to Fernando Pó in 1827, before moving it back to Sierra Leone under an agreement with Spain in 1843. [86], Equatorial Guinea is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). Equatorial Guinea is on the west coast of Central Africa. In June 2016, Equatorial Guinea was chosen to host the 12th African Games in 2019. The crew landed on São Tomé instead where they were imprisoned by the Portuguese authorities after having lost over 80% of their men to sickness. Much of his campaigning involved visiting rural areas of Río Muni and promising young Fang that they would have the houses and wives of the Spanish if they voted for him. [citation needed], In 2004 a plane load of suspected mercenaries was intercepted in Zimbabwe while allegedly on the way to overthrow Obiang. [19] The Annobón population, originally native to Angola, was introduced by the Portuguese via São Tomé island. However, despite the setback Spaniards began to use the island as a base for slave trading on the nearby mainland. As of 2015[update], the country had a population of 1,225,367.[7]. Make your expat project in Equatorial Guinea successful. [58], According to a March 2004 BBC profile,[59] politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. Several leading members of CPDS were detained in Malabo and others in Bata were kept from boarding several local flights to Malabo. Some 20% of children die before age 5 and more than 50% of the population lacks access to clean drinking water. The censorship was implemented by redirecting online searches to the official government website. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. 2017.05.20: Fr. The remaining 5% practise Animism, Baháʼí, and other beliefs. & Maley (J. The Portuguese-speaking island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. Catholic penetration was furthered by two small insurrections in 1898 and 1910 protesting conscription of forced labour for the plantations. Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea International Restrictions: Equatorial Guinea has reopened its borders to nationals, residents, diplomats and visa holders travelling for business reasons or with government approval. The new constitution also introduced the figure of a vice president and called for the creation of a 70-member senate with 55 senators elected by the people and the 15 remaining designated by the president. There is also the documentary The Writer From a Country Without Bookstores,[123] that has still to be internationally premiered. They still remain there in isolated pockets. Events in Equatorial Guinea. They formed two bodies: the Movimiento Nacional de Liberación de la Guinea (MONALIGE), and the Idea Popular de Guinea Ecuatorial (IPGE). Paysages quaternaires de l'Afrique Centrale Atlantique. The country has one university, the Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial (UNGE), with a campus in Malabo and a Faculty of Medicine located in Bata on the mainland. In what is now modern Equatorial Guinea, there are believed to originally have been pygmy inhabitants. Radio Macuto is a web based radio a news source known for publishing news that call out Obiang's regime and call for the mobilization of the ecuatoguinean community to exercise freedom of speech and engage in politics. [31], Between 1926 and 1959 Bioko and Rio Muni were united as the colony of Spanish Guinea. Two General Assembly resolutions were passed in 1965 ordering Spain to grant independence to the colony, and in 1966 a UN Commission toured the country before recommending the same thing. [96][97] Spanish has been an official language since 1844. On the night of 24 June, the CPDS headquarters in Malabo were surrounded by heavily armed police officers to keep those inside from leaving and thus effectively blocking the protest. Equatorial Guinea was a Spanish colony on 2 separate occasions: between 1778 and 1810 and from 1844 to 1968. By Martin de Bourmont. The country consists of a mainland territory, Río Muni, which is bordered by Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the east and south, and five small islands, Bioko, Corisco, Annobón, Elobey Chico (Small Elobey), and Elobey Grande (Great Elobey). [citation needed], By the late nineteenth century, the Bubi were protected from the demands of the planters by Spanish Claretian missionaries, who were very influential in the colony and eventually organised the Bubi into little mission theocracies reminiscent of the famous Jesuit reductions in Paraguay. In spite of his condemnation of Marxism, which he deemed "neo-colonialist", Equatorial Guinea maintained very special relations with communist states, notably China, Cuba, and the USSR. There are three airports in Equatorial Guinea — Malabo International Airport, Bata Airport and the new Annobon Airport on the island of Annobon. The Bubi, who constitute 15% of the population, are indigenous to Bioko Island. [97] At its 10th summit in Dili in July 2014, Equatorial Guinea was admitted as a CPLP member. 150 Spanish whites, including the Governor-General and Vice-Governor-General of Río Muni created a socialist party called the Popular Front in the enclave which served to oppose the interests of the Fernando Pó plantation owners. Source: Google News. [26], There was also a trickle of immigration from the neighboring Portuguese islands, escaped slaves, and prospective planters. Discover all the events organized in Equatorial Guinea. Equatorial Guinea's government is authoritarian and has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. Every airline registered in Equatorial Guinea appears on the list of air carriers prohibited in the European Union (EU) which means that they are banned from operating services of any kind within the EU. Fernando Pó was inhabited by many Biafra-supporting Ibo migrant workers and many refugees from the breakaway state fled to the island, straining it to breaking point. In 2014 the South African-Dutch-Equatorial Guinean drama film Where the Road Runs Out was shot in the country. [needs update], In recent years,[when?] Most of the Asian population is Chinese, with small numbers of Indians. He called it Formosa ("Beautiful"), but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. Equatorial Guinea was chosen to co-host the 2012 African Cup of Nations in partnership with Gabon, and hosted the 2015 edition. However, when Equatorial Guinea applied to extend the deadline for completing EITI validation, the EITI Board did not agree to the extension. Malabo is the capital of Equatorial Guinea. In July 1968 virtually all Bubi leaders journed to the UN in New York to try and raise awareness for their cause, but the world community was uninterested in quibbling over the specifics of colonial independence. [citation needed], During the four decades of his rule, Obiang has shown little tolerance for opposition. The first factories were established on the islands around 1500 as the Portuguese quickly recognized the positives of the islands including volcanic soil and disease-resistant highlands. Kayo Event Centre. The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. Equatorial Guinea holds regular elections, but the voting is neither free nor fair. Minimal government backing for mainland annexation came as a result of public opinion and a need for labour on Fernando Pó. The Gross National Product per capita in 1965 was $466 which was the highest in black Africa, and the Spanish constructed an international airport at Santa Isabel, a television station and increased the literacy rate to a relatively high 89%. In government and education Spanish is used. Country Sector Sovereign / Non-Sovereign Title Commitment in UA Status Signature Date; Multinational : Power : Sovereign : Multinational - Nigeria-Niger-Benin-Burkina Faso Power Interconnection Project In 1940, an estimated 20% of the colony's cocoa production came from African-owned land, nearly all of it was in the hands of Fernandinos. Coastal ethnic groups, sometimes referred to as Ndowe or "Playeros" (Beach People in Spanish): Combes, Bujebas, Balengues, and Bengas on the mainland and small islands, and Fernandinos, a Krio community on Bioko Island together comprise 5% of the population. From Start. This first phase of downscaling included the reopening of the hotel and catering sector. In response, the Spanish declared that they would hold a constitutional convention on 27 October 1967 to negotiate a new constitution for an independent Equatorial Guinea. Overseas Security Advisory Council Bureau of Diplomatic Security U.S. Department of State Upcoming Events See All There is no matching data to display The president has denied any wrongdoing. [100] The Annobonese ethnic community tried to gain membership in the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). The African Development Bank group has committed to support Equatorial Guinea’s economic diversification into agro-industry and a program of capacity building to foster public policies. Latest news and breaking news from Equatorial Guinea: Ecuatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). Aboriginal languages are recognised as integral parts of the "national culture" (Constitutional Law No. Europeans (largely of Spanish or Portuguese descent, some with partial African ancestry) also live in the country, but most ethnic Spaniards left after independence. Keep in Touch. A November 2004 report[60] named Mark Thatcher as a financial backer of the 2004 Equatorial Guinea coup d'état attempt organized by Simon Mann. Bantu migrations started probably around 2,000 BC from between south-east Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (the Grassfields). Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Obama Asue was appointed by Obiang and operates under powers delegated by the President. Simon Mann was released from prison on 3 November 2009 for humanitarian reasons. In 2011, the government announced it was planning a new capital for the country, named Oyala. Event: The Government of Equatorial Guinea officially confirmed an end to confinement measures in the main cities and announced the relaxation of many COVID-19-related restrictions beginning June 15, 2020. A dispute with President Macias in 1969 led to a request that all Spanish troops immediately depart, and a large number of civilians left at the same time. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) Strömsborg, SE-103 34 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: +46 8 698 37 00 This was an effort by the government to improve its communications, trade, and bilateral relations with Portuguese-speaking countries. Equatorial Guinea Weather. [106][107], In July 2012, the CPLP refused Equatorial Guinea full membership, primarily because of its continued serious violations of human rights. Malabo II Malabo Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Phone: (240) 333 095741 Website: Malabo Info. [56], The current president of Equatorial Guinea is Teodoro Obiang. [125], Coordinates: 1°30′N 10°00′E / 1.500°N 10.000°E / 1.500; 10.000, First European contact and Portuguese rule (1472–1778), Early Spanish rule and lease to Britain (1778–1844). [21] As a result of this disaster, Spain was thereafter hesitant to invest heavily in their new possession. In 1472, Fernao do Po, a Portuguese explorer, sought a way to India and is believed to be the first European to discover … [45], In 1974 the World Council of Churches affirmed that large numbers of people had been murdered since 1968 in an ongoing reign of terror. Another 100,000 Equatorial Guineans went to Cameroon, Gabon, and Nigeria because of the dictatorship of Francisco Macías Nguema. The watchdog says the national broadcaster obeys the orders of the information ministry. Land regulations issued in 1904–1905 favoured Spaniards, and most of the later big planters arrived from Spain after that. Riggs Bank in February 2005 paid $9 million in restitution for Pinochet's banking, no restitution was made with regard to Equatorial Guinea. [33], The Spanish Civil War had a major impact on the colony. Although a few of the Fernandinos were Catholic and Spanish-speaking, about nine-tenths of them were Protestant and English-speaking on the eve of the First World War, and pidgin English was the lingua franca of the island. The Plaza de la Mujer square in Malabo was occupied by the police from 13 May and it has been heavily guarded ever since. Under President Obiang, the illiteracy rate dropped from 73% to 13%,[4] and the number of primary school students rose from 65,000 in 1986 to more than 100,000 in 1994. After sailing for Annobón to take possession, the Count died of disease caught on Bioko and the fever-ridden crew mutinied. The Soviets also made loans to Equatorial Guinea. [85], From 2000 to 2010, Equatorial Guinea had the highest average annual increase in GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 17%. Click for weather forecast. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. It documented strong links with the Portuguese creole populations in São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.[97]. The French only briefly permitted recruitment in Cameroun, and the main source of labour came to be Igbo smuggled in canoes from Calabar in Nigeria. Television Nacional, the television network, is state operated. Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish is an official language. Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. Minimal government backing for mainland annexation came as a result of public opinion and a need for labour on Fernando Pó. The women's national team qualified for the 2011 World Cup in Germany. [111] Their program consists of twice-yearly indoor residual spraying (IRS), the introduction of artemisinin combination treatment (ACTs), the use of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women (IPTp), and the introduction of very high coverage with long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs). UNESCO encourages international peace and universal respect for human rights by promoting collaboration among nations. The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. ", Marked Increase in Child Survival after Four Years of Intensive Malaria Control, "Detection of poliovirus in São Paulo airport sewage: WHO", HESS and AED Partner to Improve Education in Equatorial Guinea, Equatorial Guinea Minister Seeks Strong Ties With U.S, Equatorial Guinea – intangible heritage – Culture Sector, Memory of the World | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, "Country Profile: Equatorial Guinea: Media", "London 2012 Olympics: how Eric 'the Eel' Moussambani inspired a generation in swimming pool at Sydney Games", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Official Government of Equatorial Guinea website (under construction), Guinea in Figures – Official Web Page of the Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Key Development Forecasts for Equatorial Guinea, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, Countries with Portuguese as an official language, International organizations with Portuguese as an official languages, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Equatorial_Guinea&oldid=993411578, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1968, Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Portuguese-speaking countries and territories, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from December 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 13:55. 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