These upasanas may therefore be called “substitution-meditations.” A well-known example is found in the very beginning of the Brihadaranyaka Upanisad which is an Aranyaka as well as an Upanisad. Prayer, when done with intensity, quickly awakens the heart centre. How to set up your own meditation practice at home Breathing techniques – anuloma viloma and kapalabhati Concentration practices – tratak, mantra japa, likhita japa Then follows the fourth degree of prayer which is variously called prayer of simplicity, prayer of the heart, etc. They are to be learnt directly from competent teachers who have attained illumination through them. In raja yoga we use our mental powers to realize These techniques only teach you how to begin meditation, they only open different doors to meditative awareness. Sri Sankara says that lower upasanas do not deserve to be called vidyas.6, Therefore, vidyas represent the highest forms of upasana. And in the absence of a living tradition, the vidyas ceased to be practiced and their true inner meaning was soon forgotten. Meditation & Its Practices: A Definitive Guide to Techniques and Traditions of Meditation in Yoga and Vedanta Swami Adiswarananda.The complete sourcebook of Hinduism's two most time-honored traditions of meditation. Upasana increases one’s power of concentration but does not necessarily increase one’s power of self-control to an equal degree. He was interested in meditation … It is the highest spiritual technique that needs to be practised diligently and devotedly by qualified practitioners. When the time is ripe, it will happen on its own. That was perhaps how the Samkhya and Yoga systems developed independently of the Vedas. There are two forms: Meditation on an object and meditation without an object. For instance, one may meditate on Siva or Krishna or Jesus or an impersonal object like light or the sky or the sun. In every path the aspirant begins with a large number of thoughts in the mind. They are like different gates which open to the same highway. The difference between upasana and nididhyasana as two different disciplines has also been clearly pointed out by Ramatirtha in his well-known commentary on the Vedanta Sara.1 Vidyaranya too has made this distinction by describing upasana as vastu-tantra (object-oriented) and nididhyasana as kartri-tantra (subject-oriented).2. Meditation & Its Practices: A Definitive The second point is that meditation is not an entirely independent discipline but a stage in concentration common to almost all spiritual paths. Here the sacrificial horse is to be meditated upon as identified with the Cosmic Being (Virat or Prajapati), the horse’s head standing for the dawn, its eye for the sun, its prana for the air and so on.4. The Hindu sage Patanjali mastered But Brahman is a transcendent principle which cannot be known through the ordinary senses and mind. This wisdom was revealed to the ancient sages. A second reason was the crystallization of Hindu philosophy into six schools or darsanas and the triumph of the Advaita system. He even identifies it with bhakti. A Definitive Guide to Techniques and Traditions of Meditation in Yoga and Vedanta. Finally, the teacher may explain how to take these techniques into everyday life. We are the greatest temple. Among these gayatri-vidya, antaraditya-vidya, madhu-vidya, sandilya-vidya and dahara-vidya are well known. Only the Atman, our true higher self, is unchanging and eternal. Generally Vedanta does not prescribe any particular form of meditation en masse or … Om usa va asvasya medhyasya sirah . In raja yoga we use our mental powers to realize Swami Bhajanananda is an Assistant-Secretary and Trustee of the Ramakrishna Order. © 2016 Vedanta Society of Southern California, “Transformation of Character and Consciousness” by Pravrajika Sevaprana, How Karma Yoga Has Affected My Life Br. 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