‘In horticulture, kiwifruit vines are trained onto pergola or T-bar support structures.’ Synonyms gardening , floriculture, arboriculture, agriculture, cultivation, cultivation of plants, garden management In terms of scale, horticulture falls between domestic gardening and field agriculture, though all forms of cultivation naturally have close links. NOW 50% OFF! The Horticulture Innovation Lab focuses on horticultural crops, primarily fruits and vegetables. Particular features such as rose gardens, herbaceous borders, annual borders, woodland gardens, and rock gardens are also those of temperate-zone gardens. Horticulture is socially important because it improves how we use plants, for food and other human purposes, as well as repairing the environment and personal aesthetics. Updates? For example, the scarlet runner bean, a common plant in temperate regions, grows, flowers, and develops pods normally on the high slopes of Mount Meru in Africa near the Equator, but it will not set pods in Hong Kong, a subtropical situation a little south of the Tropic of Cancer but at a low elevation. In addition, MSU has a very active Student Horticulture Association club that allows YOU to get involved in many aspects of horticulture while having fun. Herbaceous plants are relatively few, but many kinds of orchids can be grown. Horticulture is defined in the strict sense as the science that employs special techniques and methods to cultivate plants, including methods used to properly condition the soil for seed planting or planting tubers. Horticultural therapy techniques are employed to assist participants to learn new skills or regain those that are lost. Michigan produces over 300 commodities, making it the second most agriculturally diverse state in the nation, and exports internationally to Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, South Korea, etc. ". Horticulture is an application science – the science developed by horticulturists is applied to plant production, improvement, marketing and the enhancement of Earth’s human and animal life. The Student Horticulture Association at the homecoming parade. However, the term has taken on a broader context. For more information, visit our Careers in Horticulture page. Horticulture definition: “the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.” The role requires a deep knowledge of plant species, garden care, irrigation and pests and diseases. Landscapes, Gardens and Urban Food Production, Plant and Crop Physiology and Biochemistry, Plant Breeding, Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology, Sustainable Crop Production, Food Systems and Agroecology. Interior of a commercial horticultural greenhouse. Other Words from horticulture Did You Know? Horticulture studies both the science behind the garden and the aesthetics which make it appealing to look at. Each is concerned with growing and marketing plants and with the associated activities of flower arrangement and landscape design. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Department of Horticulture at MSU is dedicated to providing the highest-quality education and is one of the largest horticulture programs in the U.S. As the nation’s first Horticulture Department, we are proud to maintain a tradition of excellence spanning more than 150 years. That covers a lot of ground, so to speak. According to Louisiana State University (2011), horticulture is the science and art involved in the cultivation, propagation, processing and marketing of ornamental plants, … The yam bean, a native of tropical America, is grown for its edible tuber. According to the American Society for Horticultural Science, popular careers in horticulture include golf course or garden center managers, zoo horticulturists and floral designers (www.ashs.org). Rice is excluded as being tropical, but wheat, barley, corn (maize), and rye grow well in the temperate zones. Principal and Director of Research, Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad, 1953–60. Elevation is a determining factor. Horticulture Definition. In ancient horticultural societies, the belief system was polytheistic with the primary deities focused on rain and crops. There are over 500 jobs available and a strong growth outlook for horticulture. A strong and sustained need for horticulture professionals exists. Horticulture is the science and art of the development, sustainable production, marketing, and use of high-value, intensively cultivated food and ornamental plants. Horticulture, the branch of plant agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. They work as gardeners, growers, therapists, designers, a… MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Horticulture is the area of agriculture involving the science of growing and caring for plants. Horticultural sand for plants serves one basic purpose, it improves soil drainage. Eggplants, peppers, and okra are widely cultivated. The Department of Agriculture census estimated U.S. fresh market vegetable production at 18 million metric tons and a value of nearly $12 billion in 2015. Horticulture is a segment of the agriculture industry. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. Why is horticulture important Horticulture enriches diets: Horticulture — specifically, growing fruits and vegetables — provides critical nutrients for a balanced diet. The same can be said of taro, yams, and cassava. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Similarly, U.S. (non-citrus) fruit and nut production was valued at over $26 billion for approximately 22 million tons in 2014. Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. Thus, the temperate zones are very wide and the range of plants that can be grown in them is enormous, probably greater than in either the subtropical or tropical zones. Colombo Plan Botanical Adviser to Government of Nepal, 1961–63. Horticulture includes the production and use of plants for food, comfort, and beautification. It involves the management and cultivation of gardens and land. The origin of the term lies in two Latin words: hortus (meaning "garden") and cultus (which means "tilling"). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Horticulturists apply knowledge, skills, and technologies to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. What is Horticulture? Horticulture careers offer employees the opportunity to work in a variety of industries and environments. The “roots” of horticultural therapy were established in the early 19th century by Dr. Benjamin Rush, a physician considered to be the first psychiatrist, and signer of … There is no sharp line of demarcation between the tropics and the subtropics. The specialization of the horticulturist and the success of the crop are influenced by many factors. HT has been defined as the use of plants and plant-based activity for the purpose of human healing and rehabilitation." Horticulture. Production and consumption of high quality fruits and vegetables allows us to maintain a healthy, balanced daily diet. Horticultural crops are diverse; they include annual and perennial species, delicious fruits and vegetables, and decorative indoor and landscape plants. A few parts of the north coast of the Mediterranean and the Mediterranean islands are also subtropical. https://www.britannica.com/science/horticulture, The Spruce - What Is the Meaning of "Horticulture? Plants in the temperate zones benefit from a winter resting season, which clearly differentiates them from tropical plants, which tend to grow continuously. You might assume all careers in horticulture involve hands-on contact with all things green. Another factor is the length of day, the number of hours the Sun is above the horizon; some plants flower only if the day is long, but others make their growth during the long days and flower when the day is short. In the drier areas the pigeon pea, the soybean, the peanut (groundnut), and the Tientsin green bean are important crops. HORTICULTURE. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Modern horticulturists follow a variety of different belief systems, but often still have elements of the polytheistic system of old. Horticulture is a broad science which has many sub-disciplines. Horticulture Australia is a huge industry. Horticulture is the science and art involved in the cultivation, propagation, processing and marketing of ornamental plants, flowers, turf, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. Author of. 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